بررسی میزان شیوع نوزوما سرانا، آکاراپیس وودی، واروآجاکوبسونی و ملوئه واریگاتوس در زنبورستان‌های استان اردبیل درسال‌های 1396 - 1393

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

گروه پاتوبیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

جرب‌های انگلی زنبور عسل (جنس‌های واروآ و آکاراپیس) و انگل اجباری داخل سلولی زنبور عسل (جنس نوزوما) مسئول خسارات سنگین در کندوهای زنبور عسل، کلنی‌ها بوده و تهدیدی جدی در صنعت زنبور‌داری محسوب می‌شوند. این مطالعه جهت تعیین شیوع انگل‌های زنبور عسل در ده منطقه استان اردبیل انجام گرفت. از 315 زنبورستان (62700 کندو) بطور تصادفی در فصول مختلف از سال 1396-1393 در استان اردبیل نمونه‌برداری انجام گرفت. شیوع انگل‌های یافت شده: نوزوما سرانا (06/92 درصد)، آکاراپیس وودی (76/4درصد)، واروآجاکوبسونی (68/19 درصد) و ملوئه واریگاتوس (90/1درصد) بودند. ارتباط بین آلودگی انگلی و سال مطالعه معنی‌دار نبوده ولی آلودگی نوزوما سرانا در سال‌های مختلف بطور معنی‌داری بیشتر از انگل‌های دیگر بود. بیشترین شیوع نوزوما سرانا در بهار مشاهده شد. مطابق یافته‌ها، نوزوما سرانا تنها انگل زنبور عسل با پراکندگی جغرافیایی گسترده بود. به نظر می‌رسد که آب و هوا در میزان شیوع انگل موثر می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A survey on prevalence rate of Nosema cerana, Acarapis woodi, Varroa jakobsoni and Meloe variegatus in apiaries of Ardabil province on 2013-2016 abattoirs

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasser Hajipour
  • Kolsum Mohebbi
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The parasitic mites of honey bees (Varroa spp., Acarapis spp.) and obligate intracellular parasite of honey bees (Nosema spp.) are responsible for heavy losses in honeybee hives, colonies and are major threat to the beekeeping industry. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of parasites of honey bees in ten regions of Ardabil province. A total number of 315 apiaries (62700 hives) were randomly sampled in different seasons from 2014 to 2016 in Ardabil province, Iran. Overall 290 apiaries (92.06 %) were identified as infested with at least one of the parasites. The prevalence of parasites found were: Nosema cerana (92.06%), Acarapis woodi (4.76%), Varroa jakobsoni (19.68%) and Meloe variegatus (1.90%). The relationship between parasitic infection and the years was not significant, but the infection of Nosoma cerana in different years was significantly higher than other parasites. The highest prevalence rate of the Nosema cerana was observed in the spring. According to the findings, Nosema ceranae was the only parasite in honeybees with a broad geographical dispersion in Iran. It seems that climate can influence the prevalence of mentioned parasite.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nosema cerana
  • Acarapis woodi
  • Varroa jakobsoni
  • Meloe variegatus
  • Ardabil
1. Abedi V. and H. Safaei. 2014. A survey of Nosema apis infection in apiaries of North Khorasan province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology 4,25-30.
2. Chen Y.P. and Z.Y. Huang. 2010. Nosema ceranae, a newly identified pathogen of Apis mellifera in the USA and Asia. Apidologie 41,364-374.
3. Coffey M.F. 2007. Parasites of the Honeybee. Teagasc.
4. Davoudi J., A. Naderi, F. Mohammadpour, A.S. Golzar and A. Faramarzi. 2009. Study of infection rate of suburb bee hives to parasites Nosma apis, Varroa spp. and Acarapis woodi in Miyaneh, Iran. Agroecology Journal 4,39-43.
5. Guzman L.I. and T.E. Rinderer. 1999. Identification and comparison of Varroa species infesting honey bees. Apidologie 30,85-95.
6. Dietemann V., F. Nazzi, S.J. Martin, D.L. Anderson, B. Locke, K.S. Delaplane, Q. Wauquiez, C. Tannahill, E. Frey and B. Ziegelmann. 2013. Standard methods for varroa research. Journal of apicultural research 52,1-54.
7. Eilami B., H. Hamzehzarghani, G.R. Tahmasebi, R. Bahreini, A.-e. Mansoor and A. Karimi. 2007. Surveys on distribution of honey bee pests and predators in the Fars province. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 19,74-81.
8. Fries I. 2010. Nosema ceranae in European honey bees (Apis mellifera). Journal of invertebrate pathology 103,S73-S79.
9. Fries I., F. Feng, A. da Silva, S.B. Slemenda and N.J. Pieniazek. 1996. Nosema ceranae n. sp.(Microspora, Nosematidae), morphological and molecular characterization of a microsporidian parasite of the Asian honey bee Apis cerana (Hymenoptera, Apidae). European Journal of Protistology 32,356-365.
10. Gods F. 1997. Investigation on Nosema apis and Acarapis woodi in Guilan apiaries. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi 18,192-195.
11. Jamshidi R., M. Yousefkhani and A.R. Latfi. 2009. Incidence rate of varroasis in honey bee colonies of eastern Azarbaijan province north western Iran. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 4,342-345.
12.Khezri M. and M. Moharami. 2017. The Incidence of Acarapis woodi and Varroa destructor in Kurdistan Apiaries, Iran. Animal and Veterinary Sciences 5,97.
13.Klee J., A.M. Besana, E. Genersch, S. Gisder, A. Nanetti, D.Q. Tam, T.X. Chinh, F. Puerta, J.M. Ruz and P. Kryger. 2007. Widespread dispersal of the microsporidian Nosema ceranae, an emergent pathogen of the western honey bee, Apis mellifera. Journal of invertebrate pathology 96,1-10.
14. Lotfi A., R. Jamshidi, H. Aghdam Shahryar and M. Yousefkhani. 2009. The prevalence of nosemosis in honey bee colonies in Arasbaran region (Northwestern Iran). American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science 5,255-257.
15. Maeda T. 2016. Effects of tracheal mite infestation on Japanese honey bee, Apis cerana japonica. Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan 25,S109-S117.
16.Mahmudi M., S. Basami, S. Nabian and E. Bahonar. 2010. Survey on parasites of honey bees in Ilam region and their roles on bees shedding. Scientific Journal of Iran Institute of Honey Bee 5,4-11.
17.Martín‐Hernández R., C. Bartolomé, N. Chejanovsky, Y. Le Conte, A. Dalmon, C. Dussaubat, P. García Palencia, A. Meana, M.A. Pinto and V. Soroker. 2018. Nosema ceranae in Apis mellifera: a 12 years postdetection perspective. Environmental microbiology 20,1302-1329.
18. Mirzaei M. and S. Malekpour. 2014. Seasonal prevalence the Varroa mite in honey bee colonies in Fars province in 2012-2013. Animal Production Research 3.
19.Mohammadian B., S. Bokaie, M. Moharrami, S. Nabian and M. Forsi. 2018. Distribution of Nosema Spp. in climatic regions of Iran. Veterinary Research Forum, 9, 259 – 263.
20.Moritz R.F., J. De Miranda, I. Fries, Y. Le Conte, P. Neumann and R.J. Paxton. 2010. Research strategies to improve honeybee health in Europe. Apidologie 41,227-242.
21.Morse R.A. and N.W. Calderone. 2000. The value of honey bees as pollinators of US crops in 2000. Bee culture 128,1-15.
22.Morse R.A. and R. Nowogrodzki. 1990. Honey bee pests, predators, and diseases. Cornell University Press.
23.Moshaverinia A., V. Abedi and H. Safaei. 2013. Mite infestation of honey bee (Apis mellifera) in apiaries of North East of Iran. Scientia Parasitologica 14,31-35.
24.Mossadegh M. and R. Bahreini. 1994. Acarapis mites of honey-bee, Apis mellifera in Iran. Experimental & Applied Acarology 18,503-506.
25.Namayanja D., A. Akol and D. Kugonza. 2016. Prevalence of varroa mite infestations among honey bee colonies in Uganda. Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture, RUFORUM.
26.Paris L., H. El Alaoui, F. Delbac and M. Diogon. 2018. Effects of the gut parasite Nosema ceranae on honey bee physiology and behavior. Current Opinion in Insect Science 26,149-154.
27.Razmaraii N. and H. Karimi. 2010. A Survey of Nosema of Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) in East Azerbaijan Province of Iran. Journal of Animal and Veterinary advances 9,879-882.
28.Razmaraii N., S. Sadegh-Eteghad, H. Babaei, H. Paykari, K. Esmaeilnia and L. Froghy. 2013. Molecular identification of Nosema species in East Azerbaijan province, Iran. Archives of Razi Institute 68,23-27.
29.Ritter W. 1981. Varroa disease of the honeybee Apis mellifera. Bee world 62,141-153.
30.Ross H.H., C.A. Ross and J.R. Ross. 1982. A textbook of entomology. Wiley New York.
31.Sadeghi A.R., H. Rasulizadeh and F. Nabizadeh. 2014. An apiary infected with Meloe variegatus larvae in Mazandaran province: Case report. Veterinary Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi) 105,32-36.
32.Sarhanghzadeh K. and M. Yakhchali. 2016. Geographical and seasonal distribution of Varroa destructor in honey bee (apis mellifera) of East Azarbaijan Province, Iran: In a period of one year 20. Veterinary Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi) 112,37-43.
33. Shemshadi B., R. Bahadori and A. Safaei. 2010. Survey on prevalence of varrovasis in apiaries of Karaj city: Apigard and Apistan effects on varrovasis control. Journal of veterinary research letter 6,34-37.
34.Tahmasebi G. and M. Esmaili. 1991. Two species of blister beetles on the honey bee in Iran. Proceedings of the 10th Plant Protection Congress of Iran 1-5 Sep 1991 Kerman (Iran Islamic Republic).
35.Tavassoli M., S. Eiganinejad and S. Alizadeh-Asl. 2010. A survey on Nosema apis infection in apiaries of Urmia, North-West of Iran. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology 1,35-40.
36.Tentcheva D., L. Gauthier, N. Zappulla, B. Dainat, F. Cousserans, M.E. Colin and M. Bergoin. 2004. Prevalence and seasonal variations of six bee viruses in Apis mellifera L. and Varroa destructor mite populations in France. Applied and environmental microbiology 70,7185-7191.
37. Wossughi G. 1987. A Case Report of oil beetles, blister, Family (Meloidae) An important ectoparasite of Honey bees in the Dileman, s district in the Gilan province. Journal of Veterinary Research 42,25-33.
38.Yakhchali M. and J. Dabbagi. 2008. Study on frequency of Varava jakobsoni and Acarapis woodi in honeybee in Ardabil city. 15th Iranian Veterinary Congress. Tehran.