1- Aidah, N., N. Abdullah, E. Oskoueian, C. C. Sieo and W. Z. Saad. 2014. Membrane-active antibacterial compounds in methanolic extracts of Jatropha curcas and their mode of action against Staphylococcus aureus S1434 and Escherichia coli E216. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 16(4):723‒730.
2- Alçiçek, A., M. Bozkurt and M. Çabuk. 2004. The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils, an organic acid or a probiotic on broiler performance. South African Journal of Animal Science 34: 217-222.
3- Alçiçek, A., M. Bozkurt and M. Çabuk. 2004. The effect of an essential oil combination derived from selected herbs growing wild in Turkey on broiler performance. South African Journal of Animal Science 33: 89-94.
4- Amad, A. A., K. Männer, K. R. Wendler, K. Neumann and J. Zentek. 2011. Effects of a phytogenic feed additive on growth performance and ileal nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 90: 2811-2816.
5- Amad, A. A., K. Wendler and J. Zentek. 2013. Effects of a phytogenic feed additive on growth performance, selected blood criteria and jejunal morphology in broiler chickens. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 25: 549.
6- Azerad, R. 2014. 1,8-Cineole: Chemical and Biological Oxidation Reactions and Products. Chem Plus Chem 79: 634-655.
7- Banerjee, S., S. Mukhopadhayay, S. Haldar, S. Ganguly, S. Pradhan, S. Patra, D. Niyogi and D. Isore. 2013. Effect of phytogenic growth promoter on broiler birds. Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology 37: 34-37.
8- Basmacioglu, H., O. Tokusoglu and M. Ergul. 2004. The effect of oregano and rosemary essential oils or alpha-tocopheryl acetate on performance and lipid oxidation of meat enriched with n-3 PUFA's in broilers. South African Journal of Animal Science (South Africa).
9- Bento, M., A. Ouwehand, K. Tiihonen, S. Lahtinen, P. Nurminen, M. Saarinen, H. Schulze, T. Mygind and J. Fischer. 2013. Essential oils and their use in animal feeds for monogastric animals–Effects on feed quality, gut microbiota, growth performance and food safety: a review. Veterinarni Medicina 58: 449-458.
10- Bobiniene, R., V. Priudokiene, R. Sabalionyte, D. Vencius and V. Zebelovicius. 2003. Influence of phytobiotics on meat quality indices of chicken broilers. Fundamental Library of the Latvia University of Agriculture.
11- Bölükbaşi, Ş. C. and M. K. Erhan. 2007. Effect of dietary thyme (Thymus vulgaris) on laying hens performance and Escherichia coli (E. coli) concentration in feces. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences 1: 55-58.
12- Bolukbasi, S. C., M. K. Erhan and O. Kaynar. 2008. The effect of feeding thyme, sage and rosemary oil on laying hen performance, cholesterol and some proteins ratio of egg yolk and Escherichia coli count in feces. Archiv Fur Geflugelkunde 72: 231-237.
13- Bozkurt, M., F. Hippenstiel, A. Abdel-Wareth, S. Kehraus, K. Küçükyilmaz and K. Südekum. 2014. Effects of selected herbs and essential oils on performance, egg quality and some metabolic activities in laying hens–A review. Eur Poult Sci 78: 1612-9199.
14- Brenes, A. and E. Roura. 2010. Essential oils in poultry nutrition: Main effects and modes of action. Animal Feed Science and Technology 158: 1-14.
15- Cabuk, M., M. Bozkurt, A. Alcicek, Y. Akbaþ and K. Küçükyýlmaz. 2006. Effect of a herbal essential oil mixture on growth and internal organ weight of broilers from young and old breeder flocks. South African Journal of Animal Science 36: 135-141.
16- Cho, J., H. Kim and I. Kim. 2014. Effects of phytogenic feed additive on growth performance, digestibility, blood metabolites, intestinal microbiota, meat color and relative organ weight after oral challenge with Clostridium perfringens in broilers. Livestock Science 160: 82-88.
17- El Asbahani, A., K. Miladi, W. Badri, M. Sala, E. A. Addi, H. Casabianca, A. El Mousadik, D. Hartmann, A. Jilale and F. Renaud. 2015. Essential oils: From extraction to encapsulation. International journal of pharmaceutics 483: 220-243.
18- Ganguly, S. 2013. Phytogenic Growth Promoter as Replacers for Antibiotic Growth Promoter in Poultry Birds. Adv Pharmacoepidem Drug Safety 2: e119.
19- Garcia, V., P. Catala-Gregori, F. Hernandez, M. Megias and J. Madrid. 2007. Effect of formic acid and plant extracts on growth, nutrient digestibility, intestine mucosa morphology, and meat yield of broilers. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research 16: 555-562.
20- Giannenas, I., P. Florou-Paneri, M. Papazahariadou, N. Botsoglou, E. Christaki and A. Spais. 2004. Effect of diet supplementation with ground oregano on performance of broiler chickens challenged with Eimeria tenella. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde 68: 247-252.
21- Gong, J., F. Yin, Y. Hou and Y. Yin. 2013. Review: Chinese herbs as alternatives to antibiotics in feed for swine and poultry production: Potential and challenges in application. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 94: 223-241.
22- Grashorn, M. 2010. Use of phytobiotics in broiler nutrition–an alternative to infeed antibiotics. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 19: 338-347.
23- Hendra, R., S. Ahmad, E. Oskoueian, A. Sukari and M. Y. Shukor. 2011. Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxicity of Phaleria macrocarpa (Boerl.) Scheff Fruit. BMC complementary and alternative medicine 11: 110.
24- Hernandez, F., J. Madrid, V. Garcia, J. Orengo and M. Megias. 2004. Influence of two plant extracts on broilers performance, digestibility, and digestive organ size. Poultry Science 83: 169-174.
25- Herrmann, F. and M. Wink. 2011. Synergistic interactions of saponins and monoterpenes in HeLa cells, Cos7 cells and in erythrocytes. Phytomedicine 18: 1191-1196.
26- Jang, I., Y. Ko, S. Kang and C. Lee. 2007. Effect of a commercial essential oil on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity and intestinal microflora population in broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology 134: 304-315.
27- Kamatou, G. P., I. Vermaak, A. M. Viljoen and B. M. Lawrence. 2013. Menthol: a simple monoterpene with remarkable biological properties. Phytochemistry 96: 15-25.
28- Karimi, E., E. Oskoueian, R. Hendra and H. Z. Jaafar. 2010. Evaluation of Crocus sativus L. stigma phenolic and flavonoid compounds and its antioxidant activity. Molecules 15: 6244-6256.
29- Karimi, M., F. Foroudi and M. Abedini. 2014. Effect of Sangrovit on Performance and Morphology of Small Intestine and Immune Response of Broilers. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia 11:855-861
30- Kim, C. and I. Paik. 2008. Effect of supplementary herbs and plant extracts on the performance of laying hens. Korean Journal of Poultry Science 35: 71-78.
31- Kim, D.-S., H.-J. Lee, Y.-D. Jeon, Y.-H. Han, J.-Y. Kee, H.-J. Kim, H.-J. Shin, J. Kang, B. S. Lee and S.-H. Kim. 2015. Alpha-Pinene Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity Through the Suppression of MAPKs and the NF-κB Pathway in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages. The American journal of Chinese medicine 43:731-42.
32- Kroismayr, A., J. Sehm, M. Pfaffl, C. Plitzner, H. Foissy, T. Ettle, H. Mayer, M. Schreiner and W. Windisch. 2008. Effects of essential oils or Avilamycin on gut microbiology and blood parameters of weaned piglets. Czech Journal of Animal Science 53: 377-387.
33- Kumar, D. and D. S. Rawat. 2013. Synthesis and antioxidant activity of thymol and carvacrol based Schiff bases. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 23: 641-645.
34- Lee, K.-W., H. Everts, H. Kappert, M. Frehner, R. Losa and A. Beynen. 2003. Effects of dietary essential oil components on growth performance, digestive enzymes and lipid metabolism in female broiler chickens. British poultry science 44: 450-457.
35- Mitsch, P., K. Zitterl-Eglseer, B. Köhler, C. Gabler, R. Losa and I. Zimpernik. 2004. The effect of two different blends of essential oil components on the proliferation of Clostridium perfringens in the intestines of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 83: 669-675.
36- Oskoueian, A., R. S. Haghighi, M. Ebrahimi and E. Oskoueian. 2012. Bioactive compounds, antioxidant, tyrosinase inhibition, xanthine oxidase inhibition, anticholinesterase and anti inflammatory activities of Prunus mahaleb L. seed. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 6: 225-233.
37- Oskoueian, E., N. Abdullah, Z. Idrus, M. Ebrahimi, Y. M. Goh, M. Shakeri and A. Oskoueian. 2014. Palm kernel cake extract exerts hepatoprotective activity in heat-induced oxidative stress in chicken hepatocytes. BMC complementary and alternative medicine 14: 368.
38- Oskoueian, E., N. Abdullah and A. Oskoueian. 2013. Effects of Flavonoids on Rumen Fermentation Activity, Methane Production, and Microbial Population. BioMed research international 2013.
39- Oskoueian, E., N. Abdullah, W. Z. Saad, A. R. Omar, S. Ahmad, W. B. Kuan, N. A. Zolkifli, R. Hendra and Y. W. Ho. 2011. Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities of methanolic extracts from Jatropha curcas Linn. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5: 49-57.
40- Oskoueian, E., N. Abdullah, W. Z. Saad, A. R. Omar, M. B. Puteh and Y. W. Ho. 2011. Anti-nutritional metabolites and effect of treated Jatropha curcas kernel meal on rumen fermentation In vitro. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 10: 214-220.
41- Ouwehand, A., K. Tiihonen, H. Kettunen, S. Peuranen, H. Schulze and N. Rautonen. 2010. In vitro effects of essential oils on potential pathogens and beneficial members of the normal microbiota. Veterinarni Medicina 55: 71-78.
42- Özek, K., K. Wellmann, B. Ertekin and B. Tarım. 2011. Effects of dietary herbal essential oil mixture and organic acid preparation on laying traits, gastrointestinal tract characteristics, blood parameters and immune response of laying hens in a hot summer season. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 20: 575-586.
43- Pemmaraju, S. C., P. A. Pruthi, R. Prasad and V. Pruthi. 2013. Candida albicans biofilm inhibition by synergistic action of terpenes and fluconazole.
44- Quiroz-Castañeda, R. E. and E. Dantán-González. 2015. Control of avian coccidiosis: future and present natural alternatives. BioMed research international 2015.
45- Radwan Nadia, L., R. Hassan, E. Qota and H. Fayek. 2008. Effect of natural antioxidant on oxidative stability of eggs and productive and reproductive performance of laying hens. International Journal of Poultry Science 7: 134-150.
46- Rai, M. and K. Kon. 2013. Fighting Multidrug Resistance with Herbal Extracts, Essential Oils and Their Components. Academic Press.
47- Ristić, M., K. Damme and P. Freudenreich. 2005. Influence of phytogenic feed additives on the quality of poultry meat. Tehnologija mesa 46: 51-55.
48- Rozza, A. L., F. M. de Faria, A. R. S. Brito and C. H. Pellizzon. 2014. The gastroprotective effect of menthol: involvement of anti-apoptotic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. PLOS ONE 9:1-6.
49- Sadek, K., H. Ahmed, M. Ayoub and M. Elsabagh. 2014. Evaluation of Digestarom and thyme as phytogenic feed additives for broiler chickens. European Poultry Science 78.
50- Sirvydis, V., R. Bobiniene, V. Prodokiene, R. Sabalionyte and I. Kepaliene. 2005. The effect of natural feed additives on the productivity of laying hens. Vet Zootec 51.
51- Steiner, T. 2010. Phytogenics in animal nutrition: natural concepts to optimize gut health and performance. Nottingham University Press.
52- Tiihonen, K., H. Kettunen, M. H. L. Bento, M. Saarinen, S. Lahtinen, A. Ouwehand, H. Schulze and N. Rautonen. 2010. The effect of feeding essential oils on broiler performance and gut microbiota. British poultry science 51: 381-392.
53- Vlachojannis, C., S. Chrubasik-Hausmann, E. Hellwig and A. Al-Ahmad. 2015. A Preliminary Investigation on the Antimicrobial Activity of Listerine®, Its Components, and of Mixtures Thereof. Phytotherapy Research.
54- Windisch, W., K. Schedle, C. Plitzner and A. Kroismayr. 2008. Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. Journal of Animal Science 86: 140-148.
55- Xue, J., H. Li, X. Deng, Z. Ma, Q. Fu and S. Ma. 2015. l-Menthone confers antidepressant-like effects in an unpredictable chronic mild stress mouse model via NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammatory cytokines and central neurotransmitters. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 134: 42-48.
56- Yang, C., M. Chowdhury, Y. Huo and J. Gong. 2015. Phytogenic Compounds as Alternatives to In-Feed Antibiotics: Potentials and Challenges in Application. Pathogens 4: 137-156.
57- Young, J. F., J. Stagsted, S. K. Jensen, A. Karlsson and P. Henckel. 2003. Ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol, and oregano supplements reduce stress-induced deterioration of chicken meat quality. Poultry Science 82: 1343-1351.
58- Zeng, Z., S. Zhang, H. Wang and X. Piao. 2015. Essential oil and aromatic plants as feed additives in non-ruminant nutrition: a review. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 6: 7.
59- Zengin, H. and A. H. Baysal. 2014. Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oil Terpenes against Pathogenic and Spoilage-Forming Bacteria and Cell Structure-Activity Relationships Evaluated by SEM Microscopy. Molecules 19: 17773-17798.
60- Zitterl-Eglseer, K., W. Wetscherek, A. Stoni, A. Kroismayr and W. Windisch. 2008. Bioverfügbarkeit der ätherischen Öle eines phytobiotischen Futterzusatzes und der Einfluss auf die Leistung bzw. Nährstoffverdaulichkeit bei Absetzferkeln. Die Bodenkultur 59: 121-129.